The Father Of Mexican Independence History Essay

Miguel Hidalgo was built-in on May 8, 1753, on a acreage in San Diego Corralejo, in the boondocks of Penjamo, Mexico. Aback again Spain disqualified Mexico aback the 1500s. During Spain aphorism Mexico was accepted as New Spain rather than Mexico. Miguel Hidalgo helped chargeless Mexico from Spanish aphorism by acquisition an army and affronted adjoin Spaniards. (De Varona 7)

Miguel Hidalgo had a appropriate but difficult childhood; his parents were Cristobal Hidalgo y Costilla and Ana Maria Gallega y Villase¿½or. Miguel Hidalgo¿½s mother was built-in in New Spain and her ancestor was Juan de Villase¿½or. Villase¿½or was a actual important man because he founded a Mexican burghal of Valladolid, accepted today as Morelia, which fabricated Miguel Hidalgo¿½s ancestors one of the best important in the city. Miguel Hidalgo admired arena with Native Americans as a child, abnormally the ones that lived on a farm. Abounding bodies didn¿½t like Native Americans because they anticipation they were different, but Miguel Hidalgo got forth with them actual well. Hidalgo didn¿½t like the actuality that these bodies could not own their acreage and additionally they could not get acceptable jobs. Aback Miguel Hidalgo was eight years old his mother died giving bearing to his brother. Alike admitting this fabricated a big appulse on Miguel, it acquired him to become afterpiece to his father. It was his ancestor who accomplished Hidalgo how to apprehend and write. At the age of twelve Miguel and his earlier brother were beatific to abounding altered schools to study. Not alone did Miguel Hidalgo accept acceptable grades, he was a ablaze apprentice and motivated to learn, math, science and canon which is the abstraction of religion. Miguel Hidalgo additionally abstruse Native American languages, such as Otomi, Tarascan, and Nahuatl. As Miguel Hidalgo abstruse added about the Native Americans, he noticed that Spaniards were not actuality fair because they had ascendancy of the acreage and the best jobs. (De Varona 11).

Miguel Hidalgo grew up and became added intelligent. He accustomed a amount in theology, and in 1779, at the age of twenty-six he was clearly declared a priest. Aback Hidalgo was so smart, he additionally became an accomplished professor. Hidalgo retuned and accomplished at San Nicolas Obispo, which happened to be the academy he advised in aback he was young. Hidalgo accomplished theology, grammar, and Latin. He wrote the best essays and in 1784 he won twelve argent medals for autograph two essays, one in Spanish and the alternative one in Latin both based on belief religion. As a aftereffect in 1790, Hidalgo became the baton of the school. But abounding all-embracing churches alone Hidalgo for the actuality that they did not accede with abounding of his means of accomplishing things. Miguel Hidalgo added new nontraditional activities to the academy which angered the All-embracing Abbey officials. In 1793 Hidalgo confused to a baby apple alleged San Felipe, already he bought a abode there, he adapted it into a affair abode and writers, thinkers, musicians and alike Native Americans who had few rights were accustomed to appear in. In Hidalgo¿½s abode bodies talked about new account on how to be successful. This additionally affronted the abbey admiral that belonged to the inquisition. The assay was based on bodies who absitively the activities of the All-embracing Church. Miguel Hidalgo was transferred to addition village, this one alleged Dolores. This apple was abundant wealthier than San Felipe. It gave Hidalgo a adventitious to access his assignment with bodies by accepting them advance businesses. A business Hidalgo helped advance was cottony making. The alone botheration was that the government did not like the abstraction that Native Americans could assignment at jobs like cottony making. This fabricated Miguel Hidalgo angry. In 1808 Spain was actuality invaded by France. Hidalgo accomplished that this would be the absolute adventitious to action adjoin Spaniards and win in adjustment to abolish the government a revolution. (De Varona 12, 18, 19).

Miguel Hidalgo did not accord up alike admitting the Spanish authorities already knew about his plan of revolution. Hidalgo basic to activate the anarchy appropriate away. In that morning he rang the alarm of his abbey to accumulate all the bodies calm from Dolores and adjacent farms. Hidalgo marched bottomward the alley with all the bodies afterward him. Everyone shouted: ¿½Death to the gachupines (Spaniards)! Bottomward with bad government! Long alive the abstinent of Guadalupe!¿½ These words were the cry of Dolores, the words that motivated abounding bodies to angle up and action for their rights, this was a assurance that Mexican War of Independence was about to begin. A accumulation of Native Americans, who could not own acreage and lived in poverty, Mestizos who had low paid jobs, and few Creoles, who were abominably advised in their own country Spain, absolved out of the abbey afterward Miguel Hidalgo. Few had guns, knives and acicular sticks. As Miguel Hidalgo absolved beyond boondocks abounding bodies encouraged absolved out of their homes to accompany Miguel Hidalgo¿½s advocate army. Soon there were over 50,000 bodies afterward Miguel Hidalgo. Hidalgo was captivation the attribute of the abstinent of Guadalupe up aerial in his hand. The abstinent of Guadalupe was accepted as the mother of Jesus. Hidalgo¿½s aboriginal stop was at Guanajuato. Guanajuato supplied Spain with gold and silver. As Hidalgo headed for the burghal he noticed that his old acquaintance Juan Antonio was attention it. Miguel Hidalgo told him to abandonment and to let the Spaniards be prisoners. But Juan Antonio banned to abandonment and he ordered his army to attack. But Hidalgo¿½s army outnumbered Antonio¿½s, they were all dead and Guanajuato to accept been captured. Hidalgo afraid aback he absent ascendancy of his army; there were bodies advancing ambulant and murdering all Spaniards. Afterwards a few canicule Miguel Hidalgo aggregate all of his army, but the burghal was absolutely destroyed. Hidalgo¿½s abutting stop was at Valladolid but he noticed that all the Spanish armament had already retreated. Hidalgo got a bulletin from the All-embracing Abbey officials. It said that he was no best advised a priest and that he was afar from the religion. Hidalgo took this seriously, he went to a abbey to anticipate critically, and again he absolved out adage that he alone actuality afar from the religion. Afterwards acquisition these cities Miguel Hidalgo told his army to arch appear Mexico City. If Hidalgo could beat this city, he would be abutting to winning. (De Varona 21).

On October 30, Hidalgo¿½s army met with Spain¿½s on a abode alleged Monte de Las Cruces, which was absolutely abutting to Mexico City, Fortunately Hidalgo¿½s army won the battle, and the way basic of Mexico Burghal was opened. But to the abruptness of abounding people, Miguel hidalgo ordered his army to retreat. Nobody knows why Hidalgo chose this decision, abounding bodies anticipate it was because his army didn¿½t accept abundant weapons or his army was to contrary to booty over Mexico City. As a aftereffect this happened to be a big mistake. Aback Miguel Hidalgo¿½s army was beat they met with addition Military force and this time they lost. Hidalgo¿½s army confused added aback to Valladolid again to Guadalajara. But Spanish armament followed Hidalgo to Guadalajara and the two armies met for the aftermost time. Miguel Hidalgo¿½s army outnumbered Spaniards, but Spaniards were able-bodied trained. On January 17, 1811, Hidalgo¿½s army was about destroyed. Some soldiers ran abroad and others followed Allende. Allende was the abutting baton afterwards Miguel Hidalgo. He took the blow of the army and went north. Hidalgo¿½s role of defection was accomplished but he still didn¿½t accord up. But it was all over aback a adolescent administrator alleged Ignacio Elizondo, absitively to abandon Allende and the blow of the army, he knew that Hidalgo would chase Allende to the north. Elizondo and alternative Spaniard soldiers set up a allurement a Bajan, the abode area he knew that Hidalgo¿½s army would apparently stop. Allende was the aboriginal one to access and he noticed the situation, so he accomplished for his gun, but it was too late, Elizondo¿½s men accursed and dead Allende. Afterwards a few hours Hidalgo accustomed and aback he was ordered to accord up he refused. But again he noticed that he was outnumbered, so he boring aloft his easily up. In jail, at aurora on July 30, at seven o alarm in the morning, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla was attempt by a battlefront band of twelve soldiers. But the action adjoin Spanish aphorism did not end with Hidalgo. Jose Maria Morelos addition priest stood up to action adjoin Spanish rule, but like Hidalgo he didn¿½t accomplish and in 1815 he was captured and shot. Afterwards Morelos two Mexicans, Vicente Guerrero and Guadalupe Victoria connected to fight. In the concurrently New Spain was cardinal the antecedents added strictly, it began to accession taxes and this afraid the Spaniards in Mexico because they anticipation they ability lose their privileges. A Spanish army administrator Agustin Iturbide, who had fought adjoin Miguel Hidalgo, abutting with Gerrero. They advised a plan alleged ¿½Plan of Iguala¿½. This proposed that Spaniards should allotment their privileges with Mexicans. On September 27, 1821, Iturbide¿½s army absolved into Mexico Burghal and declared an end to Spanish rule. Mexico was now free. (De Varona 28)

Today Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla is remembered as the Ancestor of Mexican Independence. The boondocks of Dolores was renamed as Dolores Hidalgo in his honor. Every September 15 at midnight, the admiral of Mexico and mayors of every burghal in the country arena accretion to bethink that Sunday morning in 1810 aback Miguel Hidalgo rang his abbey alarm to accumulate all those bodies who longed to be chargeless from Spanish aphorism (De Varona 29).

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